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Fire Safety Regulations 

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 (the Order) applies to virtually all premises and covers nearly every type of building, structure and open space. Although there are a small number of exclusions such as transport, the Order applies to almost all premises which do not constitute a single private dwelling, including the common areas of multi-occupied residential buildings. 
 
Under the Order, anyone who has control of premises or anyone who has a degree of control over certain areas or systems may be a ‘responsible person’. The law therefore directly affects anyone who is: 
 
responsible for business or premises to which the public have access (for example employers, owners or occupiers); or a contractor with a degree of control over any premises. 
Enforcement, Appeals and Penalties 
 
Your local fire and rescue authority visits premises to check the fire risk assessment and fire prevention measures are appropriate. Fire safety officers should help you understand the rules and help you comply with them. They can also take action if they think your fire safety measures aren’t adequate. For example, they might issue an informal notice suggesting changes you should consider making to make your premises safer. They could also give you one of several different formal fire safety notices. The fire and rescue authority will tell you what you need to do to fix the problems given in the notice. 
Alterations notice 
 
You could get an alterations notice if your premises has high safety risks or will have high safety risks if the use of the premises changes. 
Enforcement notice 
 
You could get an enforcement notice if the fire and rescue authority finds a serious risk that’s not being managed. It will say what improvements are needed and by when. 
Prohibition notice 
 
These take effect immediately if the fire and rescue authority thinks that the fire risk is so great that access to your premises needs to be prohibited or restricted. 
Appeals 
 
You may be able to arrange an informal review from your fire and rescue authority if you disagree with the decision to issue a fire safety notice. 
If you’ve already got the notice, you can appeal to your local magistrates’ court within 21 days. In certain circumstances, you and the fire and rescue authority can ask for a ‘determination’ from the Communities Secretary to solve a dispute. 
Penalties 
You can be prosecuted for not following fire safety regulations. If you’re convicted you could get a fine or go to prison. 
 
Minor penalties can be up to £5,000. Major penalties can have unlimited fines and up to 2 years in prison. 
 
The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 applies to all non-domestic premises other than some specifically listed exemptions. 
It replaces fire certification under the Fire Precautions Act 1971 with a general duty to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable: 
 
The safety of employees, 
 
In relation to non-employees to take such fire precautions as may reasonably be required in the circumstances to ensure that the premises are safe 
 
A duty to carry out a fire risk assessment 
 
The main duty holder will be the “responsible person ” 
The duties on the responsible person will be extended to any person who has, to any extent, control of the premises. 
 
It will set out the matters to be taken into account in carrying out a risk assessment: 
 
The general principles to be applied in implementing fire safety measures 
 
The special measures to be taken in relation to dangerous substances 
 
The Order will amend or repeal other legislation concerning fire safety. 
Following the fire risk assessment the employer must where necessary in order to safeguard the safety of employees in case of fire and to the extent that it is appropriate, provide: 
 
Emergency exit routes and doors; 
 
The final emergency exit doors must open outwards and not be sliding or revolving; 
 
Emergency lighting to cover the exit routes where necessary; 
 
Fire-fighting equipment, fire alarms and where necessary fire detectors. 
 
Fire Exit signs, fire alarms and fire fighting equipment MUST be provided with pictograph signs - Health and Safety (Safety Signs & Signals) Regulations 1996. 
 
Employers MUST provide employees with fire safety training following the written risk assessment. 
An emergency plan may have to be prepared and sufficient workers trained and equipped to carry out their functions within any such plan. 
 
All equipment and facilities such as fire extinguishers, alarms systems and emergency doors should be regularly maintained and faults rectified as soon as possible. Defects and repairs must be recorded. 
 
Employers MUST plan, organise, control, monitor and review the measures taken to protect employees from fire whilst at work and if more than five employees, then a record must be maintained. 
 
Employers MUST appoint an adequate number of competent persons to assist them to comply with their obligations e.g. a competent assessor to conduct fire risk assessments or a competent instructor to provide fire safety training. 
Persons shall be regarded as competent where they have sufficient training, experience, knowledge, and other qualities properly to perform their functions to conduct the fire risk assessment. 
 
If employers intentionally or recklessly fail to comply, they will be guilty of an offence. 
There are a number of other technical and specific Regulations. 
 
N.B. The above brief extracts of Fire Safety Legislation do not constitute the actual Regulations to which reference should be made. We accept no responsibility for any person failing to refer to the Regulations or their enforcing authority. 
We offer a range of Training Courses that can be delivered as separate modules or as part of an integrated package, to suit your business. 
In respect of Fire there are the following courses: 
Basic Fire Safety (see syllabus); this also serves as mandatory update training required by NHS and Care Quality Commission. bookmark 
 
Fire Marshal Course – (see syllabus); this covers the extended responsibilities of the Fire Marshal/Fire Wardens and includes a practical session in the use of fire extinguishers and provides the realism needed using our environmentally friendly ‘real-fire’ training rig. bookmark 
Fire Evacuation Training (see syllabus); this training enables you to evacuate your premises and to test out or design your premises’ Emergency Evacuation Plan. bookmark 
 
Fire Extinguisher Training (see syllabus); this covers the theory about why fire extinguishers work, their limitations and a practical session using our environmentally friendly ‘real-fire’ training rig. bookmark 
Fire Safety Training 
Module 1 (FST1); FIRE MARSHALL TRAINING 
 
Duration: 4 hours. 
Location: Normally on site. 
Number of Delegates: Minimum 6 – Maximum 16. 
Aimed at: Selected persons who will be responsible for fire, in a geographical sector of an organisation. In smaller organisations this may be all employees. 
The objectives of this course are that by the end of the Fire Marshal module, delegates will understand: 
Causes and Development of Fire. 
Fire Classifications. 
Correct uses and limitations of Fire Extinguishers. 
Safety Brief for fire extinguishers. 
Practical Extinguisher use. (Using Environmentally Friendly simulator) 
Fire hazards and Risks. 
How to spot potential Fire hazards. 
Fire control measures. 
Action when Fire is discovered. 
The Role of a Fire Marshal. 
How to carry out a full and safe evacuation. 
Common human behaviour. 
Evacuation for people with Disabilities (PEEPs). 
The course involves three training room sessions and one practical outside session, followed by a short session for conclusions and Q & A’s. 
Each Delegate will receive a Certificate from STK Fire and Risk Management Ltd. 
There is a cost saving for 2 training session delivered on the same day at the same location. 
Fire Safety Training 
Module 2 (FST2); FIRE SAFETY AWARENESS TRAINING 
 
Duration: Approximately 2 hours. 
Location: On or off site. 
Number of Delegates: Up to 40. 
Aimed at: All employees. 
The objectives of this course are that by the end of the Fire Safety Module delegates will understand: 
 
Sources of ignition 
Sources of fuel 
Sources of oxygen 
What to do in the event of fire 
How to call the fire service 
Evacuation procedures 
Use of extinguishers (theory) 
Good fire safety practice 
Fire precautions to include, fire alarms, fire doors, emergency lighting. 
The course involves one training room session. 
Each Delegate will receive a Certificate from STK Fire and Risk Management Ltd. 
There is a cost saving for 2 or more training sessions delivered the same day at the same location. 
Fire Safety Training 
Module 3 (FST3); EVACUATION TRAINING 
 
Duration: Approximately 2 hours. 
Location: On site only. 
Number of Delegates: Up to 40. 
Aimed at: Either all employees (smaller organisations), or as an advanced module for Fire Marshals (larger organisations) 
The objectives of this course are that by the end of the Evacuation Module delegates will understand: 
 
Revision of fire safety Knowledge. (Use of Fire Safety questionnaire). 
Actions to be taken in the event of fire. 
Roles and responsibilities of nominated persons. 
Group exercise (how to create an evacuation plan) 
Principles of Phased Evacuation. 
Importance of role call. 
Contingency Planning for business continuity. 
The course involves one training room session and one practical session around the premises. 
Each Delegate will receive a Certificate from STK Fire and Risk Management Ltd. 
There is a cost saving for 2 or more training sessions delivered the same day at the same location. 
Fire Safety Training 
Module 4 (FST4); FIRE EXTINGUISHER TRAINING 
 
Duration: Approximately 1.5-2 hours. 
Location: Normally on-site 
Number of Delegates: Ideally 8-16. 
Aimed at: Either all employees (smaller organisations), it is also an included module in training for Fire Marshals (larger organisations) 
The objectives of this course are that by the end of the Extinguisher Module delegates will understand: 
 
Basic revision of fire principles. 
Theory of Fire Extinguishers. 
Safety brief for Fire Extinguishers. 
Practical application of the various types of fire extinguisher, using an environmentally friendly fire simulator. 
The course involves one training room session and one practical session on the premises. 
Each Delegate will receive a Certificate from STK Fire and Risk Management Ltd. 
There is a cost saving for 2 or more training sessions delivered the same day at the same location 
Fire Safety Training 
Module 5 (FST5); COMBINED FIRE SAFETY AWARENESS AND FIRE MARSHALL TRAINING 
 
(i.e. combined module FST1 and FST2) 
 
Duration: Approximately 4 hours – plus 
Location: On or Off Site 
Number of Delegates: Up to 40 for Fire Safety Awareness. 
Between 6 and 16 for the Fire Marshall Training. 
Aimed at: Companies who wish to combine their regular (annual) fire training with Fire Marshall Training for nominated staff. This allows our customers to discharge their training responsibilities in a timely way whilst benefitting from reduced costs of combining both SFT1 and FST2. (see above). 
The objectives of this course are that by the end of the Training delegates will understand: 
 
Causes and Development of Fire. 
Fire Classifications. 
Correct uses and limitations of Fire Extinguishers. 
Safety Brief for fire extinguishers. 
Practical Extinguisher use. (Using Environmentally Friendly simulator) 
Fire hazards and Risks. 
How to spot potential Fire hazards. 
Fire control measures. 
Action when Fire is discovered. 
The Role of a Fire Marshal. 
How to carry out a full and safe evacuation. 
Common human behaviour. 
Evacuation for people with Disabilities (PEEPs). 
The delegates who continue to complete the Fire Marshall module will understand: 
 
Sources of ignition 
Sources of fuel 
Sources of oxygen 
What to do in the event of fire 
How to call the fire service 
Evacuation procedures 
Use of extinguishers (theory) 
Good fire safety practice 
Fire precautions to include, fire alarms, fire doors, emergency lighting. 
Each Delegate who completes the Fire Safety Awareness Course will receive an appropriate certificate. For those who have completed the Fire Marshall Course, they will receive a FM Certificate from STK Fire and Risk Management Ltd. 
There is a cost saving for 2 or more training sessions delivered the same day at the same location. 
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